Chhath is a Hindu festival celebrated each year by the people very eagerly. This is very antique festival of the Hindu religion dedicated to the God of energy, also known as Dala Chhath or Surya Shashti. People celebrate this festival to offer thanks to the Lord Surya for blessing the life on the earth as ever. People worship the God Sun very enthusiastically and pray for the well-being, success and progress of their family members, friends, and elders. According to the Hinduism, Sun worship is related to the cure of a range of diseases such as leprosy, etc.
The rituals at this day is to wake up early in the morning, take a holy bath in the Ganges and keep fast for whole day, even people do not drink water and they keep themselves standing in the water for a long time. They offer prasad and aragh to the rising sun. It is celebrated in the various states of India like Bihar, UP, Jharkhand and Nepal. According to the Hindu calendar, it is celebrated at 6th day of the month of Kartika (month of October or November).
At some places, Chaiti Chhath is also celebrated in the month of Chaitra (March or April) few days after Holi. It is named as chhath because it is celebrated at the 6th day of the month of Kartika. Chhat puja is very famous in the Dehri-On-Sone, Patna, Dev and Gaya. Now, it is celebrated all over the country.
The Chhath festival is marked by celebrations and rituals last for 4 days. The devotes take dips in the holy water of the river Ganges to wash away their sins.
The second day, devotees observe a fast for the whole day and break it in late evening after performing the Puja.This day people offer kheer (rice pudding) and fruit to God and then share it with family and friends.
On the 3rd day, devotees prepare the prasad (offerings) at home. In the evening they go to a riverbank or pond where the prasad is offered to the setting sun.
On the 4th day Prasad is offered to the rising Sun God. The devotees then break their fast and the prasad is shared with all the people around.
The joyous and colorful festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated with great zeal by the people. People sing beautiful folk songs, wear nice dresses, keep houses and streets spotlessly clear to mark the festival.